Revelation – Chapter 2

To the Church in Ephesus

“To the angel of the church in Ephesus write:

These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands. I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. You have persevered and have endured hardships for my name, and have not grown weary.

Yet I hold this against you: You have forsaken the love you had at first. Consider how far you have fallen! Repent and do the things you did at first. If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place. But you have this in your favor: You hate the practices of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.

Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.

To the Church in Smyrna

“To the angel of the church in Smyrna write:

These are the words of him who is the First and the Last, who died and came to life again. I know your afflictions and your poverty—yet you are rich! I know about the slander of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan. 10 Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you life as your victor’s crown.

11 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who is victorious will not be hurt at all by the second death.

To the Church in Pergamum

12 “To the angel of the church in Pergamum write:

These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword. 13 I know where you live—where Satan has his throne. Yet you remain true to my name. You did not renounce your faith in me, not even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness, who was put to death in your city—where Satan lives.

14 Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: There are some among you who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin so that they ate food sacrificed to idols and committed sexual immorality. 15 Likewise, you also have those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans. 16 Repent therefore! Otherwise, I will soon come to you and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.

17 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give that person a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to the one who receives it.

To the Church in Thyatira

18 “To the angel of the church in Thyatira write:

These are the words of the Son of God, whose eyes are like blazing fire and whose feet are like burnished bronze. 19 I know your deeds, your love and faith, your service and perseverance, and that you are now doing more than you did at first.

20 Nevertheless, I have this against you: You tolerate that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophet. By her teaching she misleads my servants into sexual immorality and the eating of food sacrificed to idols. 21 I have given her time to repent of her immorality, but she is unwilling. 22 So I will cast her on a bed of suffering, and I will make those who commit adultery with her suffer intensely, unless they repent of her ways. 23 I will strike her children dead. Then all the churches will know that I am he who searches hearts and minds, and I will repay each of you according to your deeds.

24 Now I say to the rest of you in Thyatira, to you who do not hold to her teaching and have not learned Satan’s so-called deep secrets, ‘I will not impose any other burden on you, 25 except to hold on to what you have until I come.’

26 To the one who is victorious and does my will to the end, I will give authority over the nations— 27 that one ‘will rule them with an iron scepter and will dash them to pieces like pottery’—just as I have received authority from my Father. 28 I will also give that one the morning star. 29 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches.


Revelation 2 begins with the first of seven letters addressed to specific churches in the ancient Roman province of Asia. These letters are prophetic messages from Jesus Christ to the churches, offering both commendations for their faithfulness and rebukes for their shortcomings. Each letter follows a similar format, beginning with a description of Christ, followed by a message to the church, and concluding with a call to listen to what the Spirit is saying to the churches.

Ephesus: The Loveless Church (Revelation 2:1-7)

The first letter is addressed to the church in Ephesus, a major port city and one of the largest and most influential cities in the region. Jesus first identifies himself as the one who holds the seven stars (representing the messengers of the seven churches) in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands (representing the churches themselves). He commends the church for its hard work, perseverance, and rejection of false teachers. However, he rebukes the church for losing its first love, warning that if they do not repent, their lampstand will be removed. The message to the church in Ephesus is a call to return to their original love and passion for Christ, not just going through the motions of religious practice.

Smyrna: The Persecuted Church (Revelation 2:8-11)

The second letter is addressed to the church in Smyrna, a smaller city known for its loyalty to Rome and its opposition to Christians. Jesus identifies himself as the first and the last, who died and came to life again. He commends the church for its faithfulness in the face of persecution and poverty, and encourages them to remain faithful even unto death. The message to the church in Smyrna is a reminder that even in the face of extreme hardship and persecution, Christ is with us and will reward us for our faithfulness.


Pergamum: The Compromising Church (Revelation 2:12-17)

The third letter is addressed to the church in Pergamum, a city known for its pagan temples and worship of Roman gods. Jesus identifies himself as the one with the sharp double-edged sword, representing his authority and judgment. He commends the church for holding fast to his name and not denying the faith, even in the face of martyrdom. However, he rebukes the church for tolerating false teaching and sexual immorality, warning that if they do not repent, he will come and fight against them. The message to the church in Pergamum is a call to remain faithful and uncompromising in the face of temptation and false teaching.

Thyatira: The Corrupt Church (Revelation 2:18-29)

The fourth letter is addressed to the church in Thyatira, a small city known for its trade guilds and idolatry. Jesus identifies himself as the Son of God, with eyes like blazing fire and feet like burnished bronze, representing his purity and judgment. He commends the church for its love, faith, service, and perseverance, but rebukes them for tolerating a false prophetess who leads his servants astray and encourages sexual immorality. He warns that those who do not repent will face intense suffering and judgment. The message to the church in Thyatira is a call to reject false teaching and hold fast to the truth.

In each of these messages, we see a pattern of Jesus acknowledging both the positive and negative aspects of the church’s situation. He encourages them to continue in their faithfulness, but also warns them about the consequences of disobedience. These messages are not just historical accounts of specific churches in Asia Minor – they are also relevant to the church today.

Practical Steps for Applying Revelation 2 in Daily Living

So how can we apply the messages to these churches in Revelation 2 in our daily lives? Here are some practical steps we can take:

  1. Examine ourselves: Just as Jesus examined the churches in Revelation, we need to examine ourselves to see if there are any areas of our lives where we need to repent and turn back to God. Are there any false teachings or immorality that we have been tolerating in our lives or in our churches?
  2. Persevere in the midst of persecution: Like the church in Smyrna, we may face persecution for our faith. We need to be prepared to stand firm and be faithful to Jesus, even in the face of opposition.
  3. Hold fast to the truth: The church in Pergamum was rebuked for tolerating false teaching. We need to hold fast to the truth of God’s word and not compromise it for the sake of popularity or acceptance.
  4. Overcome sin and temptation: The church in Thyatira was rebuked for tolerating sexual immorality and idol

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